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An A Gold Stool Attendant
Caring Sikadwa Kofi in a Procession

Gold Elephant for the
25th Jubilee Celebration



WHAT IS THE ROLE OF AN ASHANTI QUEEN MOTHER?


This study commemorates the role queen mothers of Ashanti. There are five queen mothers and each one has a story to tell about her role in leading the Ashanti people. It can be said “That behind every great man there is even a greater woman”. That couldn’t have been truer concerning the Ashanti nation at the beginning of their colonialism during the early twentieth century. The British wanted to colonize the Ashanti, but first the Ashanti must meet certain requirements favorable to the British. One of which was to let the Governor place his backside on the golden stool, then the other condition was to let the Governor take the golden stool to Great Britain for keepsake. To oppose the order and disrespect given by the British Governor the Ashanti need a strong man, but the Ashanti didn’t have strong man so a strong woman had to pay the price instead. The following is her story:


THIS QUEEN MOTHER OBTAINED RESPECT
& DIGNATY FOR ASHANTI KINGDOM


Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa1

War Queen Yaa Asantewaa1

You have a choice of two movies or both. Both movies are about Asantehemaa Yaa Asantewaa1. The first one on the left is a play and historical account of her battles and journey. The movie on the right shows oral Ashanti historians giving a full account of what happened. Click on the pictures above to see the movies. I it was not for the actions of this queen both the Ashanti and the republic of Ghana would be a very different place today. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA




She (Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa1) was born in 1863 at Ejisu, near Kumasi, in Ashanti and later became the queen Mother of Ejisu, brave and fearless as she was, she led the men of Ashanti or the Ashanti Warriors” to fight the British. Information was taken from http://rainqueensofafrica.com

Asantehewaa Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa1 reigned during the time of Asantehene Prempeh I. She was the first to serve with Asantehene Prempeh I. Yaa Asantewaa1 played a key role in making the British respect the Ashanti people. The men of the nobility were crawling on their hands and knees in London trying to plead their case before the court of England. Mother Yaa convinced the men of Ashanti that the colonialist had taken things too far by disrespecting the Golden Stool and it was time to declare war on the British. She threw everything she had at the British. By the time British and Yaa Asantewaa1quit taring things up the entire Ashanti Kingdom was in shambles. The Ashanti lost the war, but the British were careful with Ashanti people after that, because they did not know when another woman might try to start something. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE




Asantehene Prempeh I




Prempeh I in prison exile


RAIN QUEENS OF AFRICA

http://rainqueensofafrica.com

A dedicated hub of information promoting awareness of Africa's female leadership traditions including Rain Queen Mothers, Queen Mothers, Queens, Priestesses, Shaman Healers, Warriors and their associated roles, customs and history.

Yaa Asantewaa was an Edwesohemaa (queen mother of the Edweso tribe of the Asante) in modern day Ghana. At the time, the Gold Coast (west-central Africa) was under British military control. The British supported their campaigns against the Asante with taxes levied upon the proud Asante people. In addition, they took over the state-owned gold mines thus removing considerable income from the Asante government. Missionary schools were also established and the missionaries began interfering in local affairs. Yaa Asantewaa is often credited with empowering the people to rise up against the British.

Early Life

According to transmitted family traditions provided by the descendants of Yaa Asantewaa as well as by other well-informed sources, she had a normal childhood. This meant that she performed such mundane domestic chores as fetching water from the stream, doing the dishes, sweeping, running errands and assisting with farm work. When she attained the age of puberty, she had the necessary rite of passage for Akan girls (bragro) performed for her. She then went on to marry Owusu Kwabena, a son of Asantehene Osei Bonsu. As the only (surviving) daughter of her mother, this was a very important stage of her life because the hopes for the continuity of her specific lineage depended on her. Yaa Asantewaa took her role as a matriarch very seriously. She appeared to have married early. When she was about fifty-six years old, her third grandchild, Kofi Tene, already had about six children. She satisfied this important requirement by producing her only child, a daughter, Amma Seiwaa Boankra, from the only marriage that she was known to have contracted. Incidentally, Ama Seiwaa was to produce eleven children herself – three daughters and eight sons. One of these sons, Kofi Tene, later succeeded to office as Edwesohene Akwasi Afrane Kuma. He was abducted and exiled by the British in 1896 with Asantehene Agyeman Prempe I and other important advisors After the Asante Wars.[1]

Yaa Asantewaa Wars

Near the end of the 19th century, the British exiled King Prempeh from the hinterlands of the gold coast (present day Ghana), in an attempt to take over the entire country. By 1900, still not gaining control, the British sent a governor to the city of Kumasi, the capital of the Ashanti, to demand the Golden Stool, the Ark of the covenant of the Ashanti people. The Golden Stool was the supreme symbol of the sovereignty and the independence of the Ashanti, a fierce and warlike people who inhabit dense rain forests of what is now the Central portion of Ghana. The Governor in no way understood the sacred significance of the Stool, which according to tradition, contained the soul of the Ashanti. Yaa Asantewaa was present at the meeting with the governor and chiefs. When the meeting ended, and she was alone with the Ashanti Chiefs, she said,

“Now I have seen that some of you fear to fight for our King. If it were in the brave days of old, the days of Osei Tutu, Okomfo Anoyke and Opulu Ware, Ashanti Chiefs would not sit down to see their King taken away without firing a shot. No white man could have dared speak to Ashanti Chiefs in the way the Governor spoke to you chiefs this morning. If you men will not go forward, then we the women will. I will call upon my fellow women. We will fight the white men until the last of us falls in the battlefields.”

Yaa Asantewaa’s speech stirred up the men, The Ashantis, led by Yaa Asantewaa, fought very bravely. The British sent 1400 soldiers with guns to Kumasi, capturing Yaa Asantewaa and other leaders and sent them into exile. The war with the British started in 1805 and ended some 100 years later. Yaa Asantewaa’s War was the last major war led by an African woman in the era of colonialism. [2]

http://rainqueensofafrica.com

Notes

1. ? http://www.jendajournal.com/vol1.1/donkoh.html 2. ? Van Sertima, Ivan; John Henrik Clarke, others (April 1984). Black Women in Antiquity. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 0-87855-982-5. End of Article -





Queen Mother is a title given to a woman who heads the Ashanti nation. The Queen Mother is biologically related to the Asantehene, but she in most cases is not his mother or his wife. Kings are made through a matrilineal process. If you follow the succession of Queen Mothers then it is much easier to tell who the next Asantehene may be. The political structure is patriarchy not matriarchy. Queen Mother has power equal to the Asantehene because of a net work of biologically kin brothers and uncles devoted to her. She uses them to rock the boat whenever she has to.
Sienna text is was written by © Claude Lockhart Clark November 6, 2014 PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE

THIS QUEEN MOTHER'S TENURE SPANS
THE REIGN OF TWO MONARCHS



Nana Kwaadu Yiadom II

Asantehemaa Nana Kwaadu Yiadom II reign spans the reign of two Asantehene. The first king was her sibling; Asantehene Nana Kwaku Dua III (Nana Agyeman Prempeh I) 1888-1931. His reign lasted 43 years. Dua III was the 13th Asantehene. The second Asantehene, Nana Agyeman Prempeh II came to power in 1931 and reigned for 39 until his death in 1970. Asantehemaa Nana Kwaadu Yiadom II died in 1945.

Next came Asantehemaa Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II to finish out the reign of Asantehene Nana Agyeman Prempeh II. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA


Prempeh I & Nana Kwaadu Yiadom

Asantehene Otumfuo Agyeman Prempeh II

Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa1 was sent to prison by the British for life without parole. Asantehene Prempeh I was imprisoned for war crimes and later set free on parole. Asantehene Prempeh I was pardoned and sent back as a private citizen, but order in the Ashanti Kingdom did not restore until Prempeh I was reinstated as king of Ashanti. Nana Kwaadu Yiadom was Prempeh I biological sister. She became queen mother until Asantehene Prempeh I death died in 1931. When Nana Otumfoe Sir Osai Agyemang Prempeh II became Asantehene she was his queen mother until she died in 1945.

In picture on the left we can see Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa1 seated next to her brother Asantehene Nana Prempeh I. Prempeh I successor Osai Agyemang Prempeh II can be seen on the right.

The first photo posted showing Asantehemaa Nana Kwaadu Yiadom II is the most popular picture, yet it is very poorly printed. I have to use it because most people are familiar with that picture. If you scroll down to the next photograph depicting Prempeh I & Nana Kwaadu Yiadom you will see that the above picture is very similar to the one of the second one depicting the siblings. Someone crudely cut out her image from one of the sibling photographs and botched up her portrait.

Nana Kwaadu Yiadom II, (1917 - 1945) sitting in state during a Kumasi durbar. Nana was the sister of Nana Prempeh I. Nana will be remembered for her joyous Adowa dance during the restoration of the Asante Confederacy, which led to the Governor alluding to her Kentenkye hair design as a ' dancing crown', from which the word dansinkran( having overshadowed the proper name ) has its origins. She was a formidable Queen in her own right. ( Accounts of those in the know )...Credit...Meyerowitz PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

Sienna text was written by © Claude Lockhart Clark November 21, 2014 The picture and information in gray text which follows above are taken from Nana Akrase Blogspot @ Google - http://akrase.blogspot.com/2008_01_01_archive.html





THIS QUEEN MOTHER UNDERSTOOD
THE NEED FOR A 20th CENTURY MONARCH


Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II

An authentic African beauty. This picture was the first formal photograph of Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II, taken after her installation in 1945. Nana was then in her mid-sixties. Credit to Kyerematen. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II. Asantehemaa from (1945-1977). In November of that fateful year, Nana crossed the Great River to rest forever with Nananom Adikanfo [after long reign of 32yrs in 1977]. Nana was the eldest sister of Otumfuo Opoku Ware II's mother, Nana Akua Mansa. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE

The picture and information above are taken from Nana Akrase Blogspot @ Google - http://akrase.blogspot.com/2008_01_01_archive.html

Next came Asantehemaa Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II to finish out the reign of Asantehene Nana Agyeman Prempeh II and install Otumfuo Opoku Ware II 1970 – 1999 as Ashanti’s first Ashanti and Western Educated monarch. Ashanti people didn’t think Western educated monarch could be trusted. Queen Mother Asantehemaa Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko II and the council of elders convinced Ashanti they could. This election would open the way to a new requirement for Asantehene rulers. The monarchs must continue to adhere to traditional values of the Ashanti people. They must be able to get along with Ghanaian citizens and understand the diplomacy and business of the West.


Otumfuo Opoku Ware II 1970 - 1999



Agyeman Prempeh II 1933 - 1970

The Golden Stool reemerges from obscurity during the reign of Asantehene Nana Otumfoe Osai Agyemang Prempeh II. Ashanti once again feel united in a single purpose and direction.


During the reign of Prempeh I the British authorities were mistreating Ashanti people and as the last straw they wanted to disrespect the golden stool as well, so it was decided to hide it and put it away. When Otumfuo Sir Agyeman Prempeh II came to power the golden stool was brought out of hiding and displayed on special occasions. The golden stool was once again apart of Ashanti State activities. Golden Sool appears in public once every 5 years. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE Sienna text is was written by © Claude Lockhart Clark November 6, 2014



ASANTEHEMAA QUEEN MOTHER

Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II

The present Asantehemaa, Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II, (1977- )sitting in state during an Adaekese3 celebration in Kumasi in 1991. Nana now, at a very advanced age, is seen here, seated on her gold gilded stool, and surrounded by her court attendants i.e the Mmodwoafuo and the nkotimse. Credit: Abayie Boaten, Prof.. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

Akan Queen mothers are very powerful. They are the actual rulers. A king jokes with a Queen mother at his own peril. They are the king makers and can remove a King from office. They are related to the Asantehene, but they are not his mother or wife. This Akwapim riegned under Otumfuo Opoku Ware II.

The picture and information above are taken from Nana Akrase Blogspot @ Google - http://akrase.blogspot.com/2008_01_01_archive.html

Otumfuo Opoku Ware II brought chieftaincy into the modern [modem (miss-sp)] age of the Twentieth Century. He created paramountcies for other Asante tra­ditional areas when he felt it necessary. He created new positions of reward for service and development such as Nkosuohene, or chief of devel­opment, Sompahene, stool for good service, Aboafohene, helper of people, and Dwantoahene, sympathetic chief through whom people could seek help. Otumfuo Opoku Ware II was elected unopposed as president of the National House of Chiefs for four terms of three years each. All cases, which came to him at the National House of Chiefs and to his own Manhyia court, were adjudicated with fairness. Through his instrumen­tality several chieftaincy disputes were settled out of court. He impressed upon other chiefs in Asante not to allow political affiliations to destroy the revered institution they swore to uphold and protect. During his reign, Otumfuo Opoku Ware II projected not only the Golden Stool of Asante but also the institution of chieftaincy in Ghana and exposed it to several parts of the world. There were also important events which portrayed the wealth and glory of Asante . For example the Kingdom of Gold Exhibition in the United Kingdom in 1980 and Asante Kingdom of Gold in the United States of America at the Museum of Natural History in 1986, which were both attended by Otumfuo Opoku Ware II.

One of his other great achievements throughout his twenty-nine years reign was working with governments of different persuasions. In all he dealt with eight different governments, namely the Ankrah's National Liberation Council (NLC), Busia's Progress Party (PP) regime, Acheampong's Supreme Military Council (SMC I) and Akuffo's (SMC II), Rawlings' Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), Liman's People's National Party (PNP) and the two successive Rawlings' governments of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) and National Democratic Congress (NDC) governments. To have gone through all these unscathed meant that he possessed immense tact and wisdom. Otumfuo Opoku Ware II engaged in extensive international travel, promoting Asante and Ghanaian culture as well as his love for peace and unity. He died at Manhyia in February 1999.

Material is taken from the Manhyia Archives – in Kumasi Manhyia Archives






Otumfuo Opoku Ware II 1970 - 1999





Asantehene Otumfuo Opoku Osei Tutu II


Asantehene Otumfuo Opoku Osei Tutu II &
AsantehemaaNana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II




Asantehene Otumfuo Opoku Osei Tutu II &
his mother Asantehemaa Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II


Otumfuo Opoku Ware II and Otumfuo Opoku Osei Tutu II were brothers, but they had different mothers. The following bio is taken from © Wikipedia.org:

“He was born on 6 May 1950 and named Nana Barima Kwaku Duah, the youngest of the five children of Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II, Asantehemaa (Queen-mother of the Ashanti). His father Nana Kwame Boakye-Dankwa was from Kantinkyere in Ashanti and was also the Brehyia Duke of Asante. Nana Kwame Boakye-Dankwa died on 1 January 2002, in Kumasi, Ashanti.

Osei Tutu has six children. His father had other offspring from other marriages, including Yaw Boateng, Kwaku Duah, Kwabena Agyei-Bohyen, Afua Sarpong and Ama Agyemang (Kumasi, Ashanti), Fredua Agyeman Prempeh, Nana Kwasi Agyemang Prempeh and Nana Kwasi Boachie Gyambibi (Kumasi, Ashanti).

Emperor Asantehene Osei Tutu II's name at birth, Nana Barima Kwaku Duah, is the name of the Asante emperor's paternal grandfather”.


THIS QUEEN MOTHER IS AN ASANTEHEMAA


Asantehemaa Nana Ama Konadu

The Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, has chosen his eighty two year elder sister, Nana Ama Konadu as the new Asantehemaa (queen-mother) for the Asante kingdom in 2017. This is the woman that has power; everyone else is subordinate.


THE QUEEN –MOTHERS OF ASANTE KINGDOM [ASANTEHEMAA]

The queen-mother holds the second highest position in a state, i.e. she is the next to the chief or king. Her position as the mother of the chief gives her the exclusive right to rebuke the chief when he acts contrary to the norms of the state. The first duty is to feed the ancestors, the rivers and the deities of the state on festive days. This she does by sprinkling mash yam at strategic places in the town and on the footpaths to the town on festive days.

It is the queen-mother who nominates a candidates for the male stool like the king or chief when it becomes vacant. She has three choices to nominate a candidate for the stool. If her first nominee is rejected by the king-makers, she nominates the second candidate. If the second candidate is rejected, she has to nominate the third candidate. It is when her third nominee is rejected that she invites the king-makers to choose any of the royals [royalty] they feel they would like to enstool as a chief. The king-makers should always assign reasons for the rejecting a queen-mothers nominee. The queen-mother on her part is obliged to accept the king-makers nominee since according to custom, she is regarded as the mother of all the royals [royalty]. In the olden days, if the outlined procedure was not followed and there was a stalemate, the result was civil war. But nowadays, such stalemates result in protracted litigation, which brings about disorder in the state.

The queen-mother serves as one of the principal adviser a of the chief. When the chief offends his elders, custom demands that the elders logged a complaint to the queen-mother. When this is done, it is the duty of the queen-mother to find some chiefs from a neighbouring [neighboring] town or state to come and help her settle the dispute between the chief and the elders. During the settlement , the queen- mother persuades the elders to accept the plea of the chief to allow for amicable settlement. On the other hand , if the chief does not present himself for settlement, it would be considered as a disrespect and the queen-mother would then leave the chief to his fate and allow the elders to file destoolment charges against him.

In Asante cultural, the queen-mother is regarded as the head of all the women of the state or town. She therefore sees to their welfare. In the olden days, it was the duty of the queen-mother to see to it that girls pass through the proper customary rites before they were ushered into adulthood. The rites performed were known as Puberty Rites ( Bragoro ) . Before this could be performed, the parents of a girl send the girl to the queen-mother when she sees her first menstruation for her to inspect and certify that she had had her period . After certifying, the parents pay fee before the queen-mother allowed them to perform the puberty rites.

After this, the girl would be subjected to any punishment if she had sex with somebody and become pregnant. The queen-mother advises couples on marriages and if there is trouble between couples, she settle it . An offending spouse render apology through the queen-mother to the offender spouse. Marriage cases are settled at the queen-mother’s court.

In the olden days, it was the queen-mother who hosted the chief’s guests. She accommodated and fed the chief’s guests. One important duty performed by queen-mother in the olden days during war time was to invoke the wrath of the ancestors, the deities of the land, the rivers and spirits of the land against the enemy tribe. This she did by gathering the women together to perform some rituals for the state. The rituals called ‘ Mmobomme’ were performed during the day and also in the night. In the night rituals, the woman go naked while invoking the wrath of the gods on the enemy. Men were to be indoors when this was being done. In victory the queen-mother led the women to sing the victory song.

According to custom, there are some restrictions the queen-mother has to observe. They include the following:

( 1 ) . She should not fast when somebody died, even if the person was her husband. If she did so, she starved the ancestors and this would have bad effect on the state.

( 2 ) . She should not perform widowhood rites, when her husband dies, somebody is chosen to perform the rites for her.

( 3 ) . She could not compelled to reveal any sex scandal involving her to her husband or anybody.

( 4 ) . She could not be compelled to swear by any deity to exonerate herself. Normally, queen-mothers were not destooled unless they violated Asante Kingdom or Nation’s law, e.g disclosing somebody’s foreign ancestors.

There is this Asante law, which stipulates that [a] slave must be integrated into the society and should be regarded as a free person. Therefore, if a queen-mother breaks this law she was not spared. It is the chief who appoints his queen-mother when the occupant of the stool passed away or abdicates. He does this in consultation with the elders.

This essay is taken from The Kingdom of Asante website. http://www.thekingdomofasante.com/queen-mothers/





THIS QUEEN MOTHER IS A MAMPONGHEMAA


Asante Mampong, Nana Agyakoma Difie II


Her reign begins with Otumfuo Osei Tutu II the 16 th Asantehene, King of the Asante . She has less power than the Asantehemaa . Osei Tutu II ascended the Golden Stool on 26 th April, 1999. He is a direct descendant of the founder of the Asante Kingdom Osei Tutu I.

Mamponghemaa Nana Agyakoma Difie II was installed as Queen mother of Mampong on 7th February, 2000, as the 14th Mamponghemaa. She was known in private life as Nana Yaa Nkansa–Dwamena.

Nana was born on 22nd January 1976 to Mr. Nkansa – Dwamena and Madam Priscilla Nkansa – Dwamena in Kumasi.

Nana holds a certificate in Computer Programming, which she obtained in 1995 at Computer Land Institute and a certificate in Mediation and Conflict Resolution from GIMPA, Legon, in 2016.

Nana has extensive experience in the corporate world. She worked as a Sales Executive with Millicom Ghana, now TIGO from 1995 to 1999.

She also worked with MTN as a Sales Manager from 1999 – 2002. She is currently the CEO of Target NY Ventures.

She was elected President of the Asanteman Queen Mothers Association in 2012, a position she has held until date. She was appointed a member of the National Peace Council in 2016. She was also appointed a member of the National Commission on Civic Education Inter – Party Dialogue Committee in 2016.

Nana has participated in several conferences both locally and internationally. These Conferences include the Girl Child Summit on Female Genital Mutilation and Early Child Marriage held in the United Kingdom in 2014. She also participated in the Global Alliance for Clean Cook Stove in New York as well the launch of Ghana’s initiative to end Child Marriage in February, 2016 in Accra Nana is married with two Children.

This bio was obtained from the following website: LORDINA FOUNDATION -

https://www.lordinafoundation.org/team-nana-agyakoma-difie.html


ASANTE KINGS OF THE TWENTIETH [&] [TWENTY] [FIRST] CENTURY
- - Otumfuo Opoku Osei Tutu II - (1999- To Date) Date of birth May 1950

Otumfuo Osei Tutu II is the 16 th Asantehene, King of the Asante . He ascended the Golden Stool on 26 th April, 1999. He is a direct descendant of the founder of the Asante Kingdom Osei Tutu I. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

Born on 6 th May, 1950 and named Barima Kwaku Dua, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II is the youngest of the five children of Nana Afua Kobi Serwaa Ampem II, Asantehemaa (Queen mother of Asante ). From early childhood, Barima Kwaku Dua came under the tutelage of his Uncle, Oheneba Mensah Bonsu who had been enstooled as Hiahene in 1952. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE

Oheneba Mensah Bonsu, therefore, ensured that Barima Kwaku Dua benefited from a childhood of careful grooming in Asante traditions and statecraft ( the young royal was given his Secondary Education at Sefwi Wiawso Secondary School in the Western Region of Ghana) where for five years, his guardian was Nana Kwadwo Aduhene II, Omanhene ( Paramount Chief) of Sefwi Wiawso Traditional Area.

Barima Kwaku Dua returned to Kumasi in 1969 and enrolled at the Osei Kyeretwie Secondary School . He then moved to Accra in 1971 and was admitted at the Institute of Professional Studies , Legon for a course in Accountancy.

Two years later, he travelled to the United Kingdom and continued his Accountancy Studies at the Kilburn Polytechnic. He later attended the University of North London where he read Human Resource Development and Pubic Administration. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE

By the time he returned the Ghana in 1989 to establish his own business, Transpomech International (Ghana) Ltd., he had behind him a wealth of experience which he had gathered working as Senior Consultant with Mutual of Omaha Insurance Company of Toronto; Finance Officer at the British firm Oxo, in London; and as Personnel Administrator at the Manpower Services Commission attached to Brent Council in London. Barima Kwaku Dua's nomination to succeed his late brother Otumfuo Opoku Ware II, as Asantehene, was received with universal acclaim in the Asante Kingdom and Ghana general. He ascended the Golden Stool with a natural gift of calm and radiance, which instantly inspires loyalty and motivates people round him. He learnt values of courtesy and tact in dealing with both his peers and subjects; he had grown up with a conviction that traditional leadership rests on a capacity to reconcile, mend, heal wounds and motivate people. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE

Otumfuo Osei Tutu II has won great admiration for the unique brand of leadership he has provided the people of Asante , in particular, and Ghana in general, since he assumed the high office of Asantehene and the enormous responsibilities that go with the position. Ever mindful of the importance of peace and stability to good governance, one of his first tasks was to encourage his people to seek the path of arbitration instead of litigation in numerous land and succession disputes that had plagued Asanteman for decades. This task, he has performed with great wisdom and tenacity of purpose, earning for himself remarkable respect among the people. The vision of Otumfuo Osei Tutu II encompasses education, health and economic development.

Material is taken from the Manhyia Archives – in Kumasi Manhyia Archives

Asante Mampong, Nana Agyakoma Difie

Queen mother Nana Agyakoma Difie is a political activist. She is the current Asante Mampong along with Asantehene Otumfuo Osei Tutu II. Mampong is like a palace area located in Kumasi. The Asantehemaa and Asantehene live in Mampong. The old Asantehemaa, Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II began her reign under Asantehene Otumfuo Osei Tutu II senior brother Otumfuo Opoku Ware II. She may be still alive in which case Nana Agyakoma Difie would not be Asantehemaa yet. Sienna text is was written by © Claude Lockhart Clark November 6, 2014 PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

He set up the Otumfuo Education Fund to generate resources, effort to provide opportunities for quality Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Vocational Education not only in his Kingdom, but also in Ghana generally. In 2000, he embarked upon a vigorous campaign to draw attention to the benefits of individual/group sponsorship of the education of orphaned children. Over the first five years, the Otumfuo Education Fund has benefited over 4,000 students at various levels of education.

It was his keen determination to enhance the quality of education of Ghanaians that he received the commendation of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, conferring on him the Symons Award in April, 2000.


Asantehene Osei Tutu II

Wife Lady Julia Osei Tutu


Asantehene Osei Tutu II Received Guest in London of Ghanian Origins

To find out what the occasion is about click on the Asantehene picture above to your left, then when finished click the yellow back button to return to this page. Lady Julia Osei Tutu is the wife of Asantehene Osei Tutu II. She doesn't have political clout. Nana Agyakoma Difie is the one with political power. Nana Agyakoma Difie sits next to the King at festival gatherings. She is not the king's honey bunch. She is a political leader the same as he is. Sienna text is was written by © Claude Lockhart Clark November 6, 2014 PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

Besides, five Universities including Glasgow University , University of Maryland , Eastern Shore, Essex Country College , University of Ghana Legon and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology have given him honorary Doctorate degrees. To crown it he has been appointed Chancellor of one of the most prestigious Universities in Africa – Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi . Another initiative of Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, is the Health Fund he has established to pursue a basic health care plan whose laudable objectives include financial and material support for the reduction of maternal and infant mortality, Glaucoma and other eye diseases, Buruli Ulcer (which has become the bane of many rural dwellers in the country), as well as the eradication of Guinea Worm disease. In this direction, Otumfuo has already begun supporting Rotary Club's campaign to promote inoculation of children against the six killer diseases including polio.

He had also set up the Serwah Ampem Aids Foundation for children under the leadership of his wife, Lady Julia Osei Tutu to help children who have become victims of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic.

In his own initiative Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, secured a World Bank Project with the approval of the Government of Ghana. Entitled; ‘Promoting Partnership with Traditional Authorities Project;, it has thrown a challenge to our Traditional Leaders to demonstrate their capacity to use their own resources in response to financial support made available by the Government or the World Bank to help develop their communities.

Under the Project, new school, buildings have been built, old ones have been rehabilitated, and teachers residential quarters have been erected with facilities for potable water and electricity supply; HIV/AIDS and general health campaign in co-operation with the state agencies has be stepped up in the rural areas. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

The Project has put our traditional leaders into a new learning process to lead their people in community development programmes, and has created awareness of the value of our cultural heritage, including art and artefacts, as well as our traditional court systems in conflict resolution.

Otumfuo's vision includes the setting up of an Asanteman Economic Revitalisation Plan to promote private and corporate investment in Local Industries, re-afforestation, and irrigation programmes. He has already extended invitation to all prospective investors to Ashanti , with a firm promise of easy access to land.

Otumfuo Osei Tutu II has brought peace and reconciliation to his Kingdom within the short span of five years that he has been in power. He has settled over 400 chieftaincy and land disputes: he has established a solid foundation for co-operation between tradition and modernism, by emphasizing the need for tradition to redefine itself in a rapidly changing world without losing its essence.

Since ascending the throne Otumfuo has been the official guest of many world dignitaries including, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain , Queen Beatrix of Holland , Mr. Jim Wolfonnson President of the World Bank, Mr. Kofi Annan, U.N. Secretary General, President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, Mr. Nelson Mandela, Mr. Don McKinnon, Commonwealth Secretary-General, the President of Ethiopia, the Archbishop of Canterbury, President Alhaji Tejan Kabbah of Sierra Leone, President Muammar Al Quathafi of Libya and King Mohammed VI of Morocco. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

He has also played host to heads of state including President Alhaji Ahmed Tejan Kabbah, Col. Muammar Alqathafi of Libya , Alpha Konare of Mali, Blaise Campoari of Burkina Faso , Lauren Gbagbo of Cote d'Ivoire . Other dignitaries are Messrs Jim Wolfonson, Kofi Annan, Dan McKinnon, Prince Al-Aweed of Saudi Arabia , Prince Alexandre of Netherlands , Head of World-Wide Ahmediyya Muslim Mission, Archbishop of Canterbury, King of Bafokeng of South Africa, President Mwanawasa of Zambia , other Statesmen, International Business Executives and high profile religious leaders and celebrities.

He has also addressed the International Cocoa Organization, London , the Plenary session of the Economic Commission for Africa , Addis Ababa and many business flora in South Africa , Europe and the United States , including the Distinguished Africa Address in Harvard University , and as Royal Guest of Honour to the 7 th Session of the Anyiam-Osigwe Lecture in Lagos. PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE TRANSLATOR - TRADUISEZ N'IMPORTE QUOI - ÜBERSETZEN SIE ALLES - TRADURRE QUALCHE COSA - TRADUZA QUALQUER COISA - TRADUZCA CUALQUIER COSA

He recently addressed staff and students of China Foreign Affairs University in China at the invitation of Chinese Peoples Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries.

Otumfuo Osei Tutu II stands tall as a visionary, a great leader of Asanteman, leading in the preservation of cultural heritage as well as combining modernism and tradition to promote the education, health, and economic development of his people.

Material is taken from the Manhyia Archives – in Kumasi Manhyia Archives







List of Asantehene (Kings) of the Kingdom of Ashanti & Ashanti Empire


  1. Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Opemsoo 1697 – 1731 / 34 yr. reign
  2. Nana Opoku Ware I 1731-1742 / 11 yr. reign PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE
  3. Nana Kusi Bodom 1742- 1752 / 10 yr. reign
  4. Nana Osei Kwadwo 1752-1781 / 29 yr reign
  5. Nana Osei Kwame 1781-1791 / 10 yr. reign
  6. Nana Opoku Fofe 1791-1799 / 8 yr. reign
  7. Nana Osei Bonsu 1799-1824 / 25 yr. reign
  8. Nana Yaw Akoto 1824-1838 / 14 yr. reign
  9. Nana Kwaku Duah I 1838-1867 /29 yr. reign
  10. Nana Kofi Karikari 1867-1874 / 7 yr. reign
  11. Nana Mensah Bonsu 1874-1883 / 9 yr. reign
  12. Nana Kwaku Dua II 1884-1884 / 40 days. reigh
  13. Nana Kwaku Dua III (Nana Agyeman Prempeh I) 1888-1931 / 43 yr. reign
  14. Nana Agyeman Prempeh II 1931-1970 / 39 yr. reign
  15. Nana Opoku Ware II 1970-1999 / 29 yr. reign
  16. Nana Otumfuo Osei Tutu II 1999 - Present

List of Asantehenemaa (Queen Mothers) of the Kingdom of Ashanti


  1. Nana Nyarko Kusiamoa 1697 – 1722
  2. Nana Nkatia Abamo 1722-1740 / PRESS THIS BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE
  3. Nana Akua Afriyie 1740-1768
  4. Nana Konadu Yiadom I 1768-1809
  5. Nana Akosua Adoma 1809-1819
  6. Nana Nana Ama Serwaa 1819-1828
  7. Nana Yaa Dufie 1828-1836
  8. Nana Afua Sarpon 1836-1884
  9. Nana Afua Kobi I 1857-1867
  10. Nana Yaa Akyaa 1884-1917
  11. Nana Konadu Yiadom II 1917-1945
  12. Nana Ama Serwaa Nyarko 1945-1977
  13. Nana Afua Serwaa Kobi Ampem II1977-2016
  14. Nana Ama Konadu 2017-to Now

http://www.thekingdomofasante.com/queen-mothers/